24
Feb
11

Soviet cartoons : history from a funny side

Below are some extracts of a very interesting work on cartoons during the Soviet era. This is obviously written with a Western hand, but I enjoy this type of untold History… Always enlightening!

When I was a child, our family had a prize possession that my sister and I could only use on special occasions. Known as “the sick puzzle,” it contained 81 one-inch wooden cubes whose individual sides had been painted red, white, blue, or yellow. The house rule was simple: the only time you were allowed to play with the sick puzzle was when you were actually sick.

Although my sister and I knew exactly where to find the sick puzzle, we always respected the rules of usage. As such, there was one toy that became a family heirloom and was put back into use soon after my niece and nephew were born. To this day, the mere mention of the sick puzzle can provoke a twinge of nostalgia for something that held a very special place in our hearts.

For many people, cartoon art holds a similar function. Different generations embrace different cartoons. Thus, the people who grew up reading Peanuts, Archie, B.C., and Dennis the Menace may have very different tastes and sensitivities than those who were raised during the heyday of Blondie, Ferd’nand, Pogo, and The Little King. While I’m currently drawn to Pearls Before Swine and Get Fuzzy, there is a special place in my heart for Berkeley Breathed’s ferociously brilliant Bloom County and, of course, Bill Watterson’s hilarious Calvin and Hobbes.

Whenever I’m feeling down or need a pick-me-up, all I have to do is open up one of my coffee table books of Calvin and Hobbes cartoons to be brought back to “a happy place.” Fifteen years after Watterson chose to discontinue his beloved comic strip, visions of Spaceman Spiff, Calvin’s diabolical snowman creations, or Miss Wormwood can instantly bring a smile to my face. The same holds true for images of Opus the Penguin, Bill the Cat, Gary Larson’s demented animals, and other figments of a cartoonist’s imagination that became cultural landmarks for so many of us.

All of these, however, reflect American culture. Most of us know very little about the history of cartoon art in the Soviet Union — especially political cartoons. 

During interviews with Boris Efimov (who died in 2008 at the age of 109), viewers of Stalin Thought of You will be astounded by how spry and alert the artist was at 104. Whether having his picture taken flanked by two statuesque blondes or examining a fellow artist’s renditions of Stalin and other famous Russians, Efimov enjoyed a long life. He offers viewers a remarkable perspective on Russian politics throughout the course of the 20th century.

Efimov’s political cartoons depicted Soviet politicians and their henchman from Stalin through Brezhnev, with plenty of drawings depicting Americans like Franklin Delano Roosevelt and George W. Bush. Sketches of controversial figures like Adolf Hitler and Leon Trotsky flowed freely from Efimov’s fingers.

2010-08-28-5272_stalinthoughtofyou_12_weblg.jpg

Using rarely seen footage from the Russian State Film Archives, documentarian Kevin McNeer (with help from the Soyuz Multifilm Animation Studio) has produced a fascinating documentary. What makes it even more interesting is that, during his interviews with Efimov, McNeer doesn’t quite seem to grasp how oppressive life really was under Stalin.

Efimov’s older brother, Mikhail Koltsov, was a Soviet spy and journalist who was much admired by Ernest Hemingway for his work in Spain (Koltsov inspired the character of Karkov in Hemingway’s novel.For Whom The Bell Tolls). While Koltsov’s ambition eventually led to his execution under Stalin’s regime, Efimov was allowed to live.

When the Nazis invaded Russia, Efimov was one of the Russians that Hitler’s troops had orders to hang upon capture. Although he had been blacklisted as the relative of a dissident, Efimov was spared exile in a Gulag and was eventually reinstated as Pravda’s top political cartoonist. Stalin was such a big fan of Efimov’s work that he would even make suggestions on how Efimov should draw certain characters like Dwight D. Eisenhower. 

2010-08-28-5272_stalinthoughtofyou_08_weblg.jpg

Like the best political cartoonists, Efimov mocked authority in the Russian press during a lengthy career that spanned most of the 20th century. He was lampooning events during World War II as well as during the Cold War. Although his cartoon work for Russia’s state-owned media helped keep him alive, he never recovered from the emotional wound of his brother’s murder. As a result, Efimov’s descriptions of the power struggles within the Kremlin bear personal witness to many of the changes that occurred within its walls.

The film’s trailer gives an insight into Efimov’s mental acuity late in life, the mischievous nature of his art, as well as a backstage tour of Russian politics under Stalin’s reign:

Advertisements

0 Responses to “Soviet cartoons : history from a funny side”



  1. Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: