06
Feb
11

Enough with this fable of the wolf and the lamb!

Stereotypes die hard. In the western world, human rights defenders and the self-righteous are shocked by the fate that awaits Mikhail Khodorkovsky. The businessman, it appears, is the expiatory victim of a legal system kept under the thumb of Vladimir Putin. Simplistic historical narratives reassure. They place everyone in a box. The good on one side, the villain on the other… But truth, the truth, needs courage, clarity and intellectual honesty.

For ten years now, we have been led to believe that the man who finds himself behind bars today is an honest trader fleeced of his money by a mafia state. Yet, the exact opposite is true: Mikhail Khodorkovsky built a financial empire by stripping the carcass of the former Soviet empire.

Vladimir Putin did not settle a personal score by throwing the law at Mikhail Khodorkovsky. Instead, he embodied the rise of Russian nationalist fervour. A legitimate nationalist fervour, one is tempted to write. Need one remind that, in 1995, Mikhail Khodorkovsky bought for only USD 300 million the oil company Yukos whose real value was estimated shortly after at USD 30 billion? What country could accept to be robbed and show no reaction?

Today some people still believe that the lawsuits launched against Mikhail Khodorkovsky are the result of a manoeuvre orchestrated by the Russian government to break an oligarch who became too independent. They forget that at the time of his splendour, the all-powerful boss of Yukos did not stand for anyone getting in his way, anyone who might have possibly hampered his ambitions. Journalists in his pay praised his success, and turned him into the symbol of a generation. A new Russian capitalism, audacious, ambitious, triumphant… But the glossy front pages hid a far less salubrious reality. The success of Mikhail Khodorkovsky was built upon a gigantic system of corruption rooted in the heart of the state apparatus.

Backstage, the businessman resorted to sometimes underhand and ruthless methods to achieve his ambitions. The rise of the oligarch was sprinkled with numerous assassinations. The former head of Yukos’ security department, Alexei Pichugin, a trusted man of Mikhail Khodorkovsky, was sentenced to life in prison for having organised several murders, notably the murder of Nefteyugansk’s mayor, Vladimir Petukhov, and of the businesswoman Valentina Korneeva. The facts were established in the course of a trial that had nothing Stalinist about it. It is by neglecting this sort of details that one ends up distorting the truth and convincing the world that it is not a wolf that is in a cage, but a lamb.

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